Government to Prioritise Smallholder Mapping Via InPOP

APRIL 6,2016

Photo:Rebecca Lake/Riau/InPOP

Jakarta - On April 5, 2016, InPOP hosted and coordinated a discussion and a series of presentations focused on smallholder mapping and data base development. The purpose of the meeting, which was held at the Ministry of Agriculture, was to exchange information on smallholder mapping and database development efforts with government representatives and NGOs.

Based on the various presentations made, a significant discrepancy between the work of government institutions and NGOs was identified. Generally, it was found that the Government’s work on mapping and database management did not provide details at a provincial level. Conversely, mapping and database collection conducted by NGOs at a grassroots level provided more specific details. The participants agreed a common methodology for collecting data and mapping of smallholders needs to be developed.

 Photo:Rebecca Lake/Jakarta/InPOP

The meeting was chaired by Dudi Gunadi, Director of Estate Crops Protection, Directorate General of Estates at the Ministry of Agriculture and was attended by important representatives from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning, the National Aerospace Institute, the Agriculture Statistical Centre and the Geospatial Information Agency. Civil society participants and presenters included Oil Palm Smallholders Union (SPKS), NGOs namely CIFOR, WRI, INOBU, IDH as well as consulting firm Daemeter.

Meeting chairman, Dudi Gunadi, underlined the importance of having developing a One Map policy for smallholders, which could be used for many purpose such as providing legal papers (STDB) for smallholder plots once they are found to be growing outside of conservation areas.

This smallholder database meeting was a specific follow-up from the recommendations of all four InPOP working group discussions conducted throughout last year. The working groups considered smallholder mapping and the availability of a public database of smallholder information essential for many interventions required in sustainably transforming Indonesia’s oil palm industry, especially with regard to improving smallholder yields and also determining how many smallholders have settled inside state forest concessions.

Photo:Rebecca Lake/Jakarta/InPOP

Moving forward, the government representatives present at the mapping meeting recommended that InPOP support the coordination of NGOs which would like to submit their existing data and research for national use. All meeting participants agreed to follow-up in the next quarter with a small task force to collate relevant data for submission to the government.

Summary of key presentations

-       LAPAN (Pusat Pemanfaatan Penginderaan Jauh -  Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional / LAPAN)

  • Provided presentation on the mapping they provide to the government institutions including the Ministry of Agriculture of oil palm plantation locations using GIS and remote sensing technologies.
  • Satellites that they use are SPOT 6-7, Pleiades, and Landsat 8
  • They also provide analysis of the images they obtain from these satellites.
  • They can predict the age of the oil palm crop from these images which provide information about productivity of the crop.
  • Two websites to visit are and

-       CIFOR by Heru Komarudin and PhD Student

  • CIFOR is currently conducting a program in West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan called Governing Oil Palm Landscape for Sustainability (GOLS) in which smallholder mapping of independent farmers have been conducted in several locations, especially in Rokan Hulu.
  • They also have a program called LIFFE - Large scale investments in food, fibre and energy di Riau.
  • They conduct in-depth interviews to understand the typologies of smallholder oil palm farmers.
  • CIFOR was also involved in mapping smallholder farmers supplying to ISPO certified mills in Riau under WG 4 of the InPOP. They worked together with SNV on this and analyzed supply chain risks of 50-meter radius of the ISPO certified mills.

-       Inobu – Guntur Prabowo

  • Showed a short movie clip of the on-line database tool they are developing
  • Inobu has been working in Central Kalimantan
  • In the district of Seruyan they have mapped 500 smallholder farmers.
  • The information they provide can be provided to the district government and also later the Ministry of Agriculture.
  • The maps and information they provide can be used as a traceability tool.

-       World Resources Institute (WRI) – Andika Pramudhita

  • Presented about the Global Forest Watch commodity on-line platform that can be altered for an organizations need. Their tool can conduct deforestation risk analysis of particular areas within 50 km radius of palm oil mills.
  • They will be focusing in Riau with the One Map Riau project that potentially would map out smallholder farmers at a jurisdictional level.

-       IDH Sustainability Trade Initiative – Desi Kusumadewi

  • IDH serves as an enabler to accelerate the production and trade of sustainable commodities through public-private partnership.
  • They currently work in North Sumatera and Aceh on the palm oil supply shed, and in South Sumatera and Jambi for the multi commodity sustainable landscape program.
  • In South Sumatera they have the concept of the Lumbang Sawit Berkelanjutan (sustainable palm oil supply shed), in which they try to identify geographical areas that supply palm oil so that can be traced to the mill and potentially the plantations.  The Lumbang Sawit Berlanjutan initiative was signed on November 20, 2015 and will feed into the Green Growth initiative of the province.

-       Daemeter Consulting

  • Daemeter was asked by IDH to conduct some smallholder mapping activities of independent oil palm farmers in South Sumatera.
  • They used LAPAN data that they can say are a good source of data.
  • The developed the questionnaire with Solidaridad.
  • They said that all this data that is currently being conducted by NGO and consultants should be coordinated and the given to the Ministry of Agriculture for their use.

-       The Ministry of Forestry – Ruandha Agung Sugardiman (Direktur Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan – Direktorate Jenderal Planologi Kehutanan dan Tata Lingkungan) & Badan Informasi Geospasial (BIG) – Pusat Pemetaan dan Integrasi Tematik also provided a presentation regarding their mapping activities.

To obtain a copy of the presentations made during this workshop please contact


Photo:Rebecca Lake/Jakarta/InPOP


-       Ministry of Agriculture
-       Ministry of Environment and Forestry
-       Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning / National Land Agency (BPN)
-       National Development and Planning Agency (Bappeneas)
-       Geospatial Information Agency (Badan Informasi Geospasial – BIG)
-       LAPAN (Pusat Pemanfaatan Penginderaan Jauh Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional)
-       United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
-       CIFOR
-       Inobu / Earth Innovation Institute
-       World Resources Institute (WRI)
-       SNV
-       IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative
-       Daemeter Consulting
-       SPKS (Smallholder Association)

Further Contact Information

Rebecca Lake
UNDP and InPOP Communications Officer
M: +62 813 106 34343