1. InPOP Technical Working Groups established by Minister of Agriculture Decree
Four technical working groups were constructed under the InPOP. Government officials involved in the InPOP process have been formalized through a Minister of Agriculture Degree. The heads of these Working Groups consist of various Director level government officials. Members of the working groups not only consist of inter-ministerial senior government officials but also upper management representatives from the private sector and reputable civil society organizations to enhance a multi-stakeholder process to take place. These Technical Working Groups work on topics regarding: 1) Building the capacity and increasing the productivity of oil palm smallholders, 2) Environmental monitoring and management, 3) Governance and land conflict mediation and 4) Strengthening the Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certification system and market access for palm oil commodities.
2. Framework of the National Action Plan developed by the InPOP Technical Working Groups
Throughout the year various technical working group meetings were organized to discuss key issues that were identified to develop recommendations and articulate actions which will improve institutional support structure for increased sustainable production of palm oil. This phase of discussions have allowed for the development of a Draft National Action Plan Framework. The document serves as a basis for the construction of a formal Root Cause Analysis and a Draft National Action Plan organizing collective action (listing activities, responsibilities, timing and follow up) to address systemic problems in the palm oil sector. The composition of the working groups is currently being revised with new official heads from the Ministry of Agriculture having been appointed to lead discussions and the targeted policy objectives moving forward.
3. Inter-ministerial Steering Committee for InPOP formulated
This year, the Minister of Agriculture, Amran Sulaiman, signed a letter requesting various ministries to appoint echelon one level government officials and the chairs of several private sector and smallholder associations to be part of the InPOP Steering Committee. This would include letters addressed to the Coordinating Minister of Economic Affairs, Minister of the Environment and Forestry, Head of the National Planning and Development Agency (Bappenas), and Head of the National Land Agency (BPN). The Minister of Agriculture has received positive responses and full support from all of these corresponding ministers for the InPOP. We are currently drafting a Ministerial Decree to officialize the appointment of the InPOP Steering Committee. The primary objective of the InPOP Steering Committee is to harness high-level inter-ministerial government and stakeholder advise, support, and commitment for the National Action Plan currently being developed.
4. Pilot projects commenced to ISPO certify first independent smallholders in Indonesia
In the beginning of 2015, two major palm oil companies, Asian Agri and Astra Agro Lestari agreed to be part of our pilot certification project to ISPO certify independent smallholders in the districts of Pelalawan and Siak in the province of Riau. Smallholder baseline assessments for ISPO certification were conducted in these two districts. Five cooperatives and one association in Pelalawan as well as one cooperative in Siak (consisting of around 2000 farmers) were identified as potential sites to obtain ISPO certification. A specific needs assessment for smallholders in these cooperatives and the association was also conducted this year. The pilot project will continue to be conducted in 2016 with training sensitization and support mechanisms that will be in placed to ensure smallholders are in compliance with Indonesian laws and regulations in developing smallholder oil palm plots. Lessons learned from these pilot project will feed into the Draft National Action Plan of InPOP.
5. Executive Summary of Joint ISPO-RSPO Study developed and distributed
The Executive Summary of the Joint ISPO-RSPO Study was distributed at the RT13 RSPO in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with positive and enthusiastic response from various stakeholders. The UNDP has been supporting and facilitating a study between the Secretariat of the ISPO Commission and the RSPO Secretariat regarding the similarities and differences of the Principles and Criteria of the two standards. This study marks an important phase for the two major sustainability palm oil standards operating in Indonesia and the public to be able to seek common understanding of each certification system. Results of the study could garnish further potential collaboration between the two standards moving forward. It is planned that the study will be officially launched in early 2016.
6. Workshop on use the of “Degraded Lands” for more sustainable palm oil development conducted
In October 2015, the InPOP held a workshop to seek solutions on issues related to smallholder farmers and their involvement in deforestation with a special focus on the use of degraded and abandoned land. Inadequate mapping of concession areas and abandoned or degraded land was agreed by the panel to be one of the biggest barriers in implementing effective land use. Land swap policies which have the potential to forward a sustainable palm oil industry was also discussed. A follow-up InPOP taskforce meeting will be scheduled to further the conclusions and suggestions made during this workshop. The results of this taskforce meeting will feed into the development of InPOP’s Draft National Action Plan on Sustainable Palm Oil.
7. Forums on “Land and Permit Legality for Oil Palm Smallholders” completed
As an important aspect of the ISPO certification system is to obtain the appropriate permits that would ensure legality of the operations of oil palm smallholders, the InPOP held several forums to discuss the challenges for smallholders to obtain certain permits required to develop and conduct oil palm business activities. These forums were held at both the national and provincial level in Bogor, West Java and Pekanbaru, Riau. Those who participated in the event consisted of representatives from the central, provincial, and district governments, the private sector, non-government organizations and international development partners. A key topic that was raised was how to ensure that palm oil is not being sourced from farms located in the Forest Estate (Kawasan Hutan), particularly within a National Park (Taman Nasional). Specific legal land and environmental permits that were discussed were with regard to the land certificate (sertifikat hak milik – SHM), cultivation registration letter (surat tanda daftar budidaya – STDB), and environmental management and monitoring statement letter (surat pernyataan pengelolaan and pemantauan lingkungan – SPPL).
8. Expert Roundtable held between InPOP and the Indonesian Palm Oil Pledge (IPOP)
In November 2015, an expert roundtable featuring the UNDP, high-level sustainability representatives from palm oil company members of the Indonesia Palm Oil Pledge (IPOP), consumer goods companies, and the Ministry of Agriculture, was organized to discuss smallholder empowerment efforts and additional benefits to smallholders, which can be realized through joint activities between stakeholders. Technical discussions focused on possible tangible collaboration efforts between IPOP member companies and InPOP coordinated initiatives to support government program related to ISPO certification of smallholders.
9. InPOP website launched
The InPOP team believes that transparency and effective communication is vital in pushing optimal policy reform for the long-term sustainability of the palm oil sector. This year, InPOP created a website that will provide updates of InPOP activities, current news on the palm oil sector and the current status of the National Action Plan process currently being developed through a multi-stakeholder process. This website can be accessed on-line at www.inpop.id. An Indonesian language edition is currently in development.
10. SPOI and InPOP team assembled
This year marks an important year for the construction of the SPOI and InPOP team. In 2015, various essential individuals joined the initiative to ensure that the project would be managed well and fulfill its targeted outcome. Tri Widjayanti now leads the team as the National Project Manager of the SPOI. She brings more than 30 years of experience of working at the Ministry of Agriculture in which she held several senior level positions including the Deputy Director of International Marketing Development of Estate Crops. Arif Budiman joins the team as the Environmental Manager for the SPOI. Prior to joining this project, he worked at the WWF Indonesia and at Indonesia’s REDD+ Agency. Also this year, Rauf Prasodjo has come in as the acting InPOP Manager. He brings to the team his programmatic and research experience from working at various international institutions including the World Resources Institutes (WRI), the Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), and Yale University. Rebecca Lake is currently the SPOI’s Communication Officer and joins the team from Australia. She was previously a journalist prior to working at the UNDP. The SPOI and InPOP team is supported by other staff and consultants at the Ministry of Agriculture and at the UNDP’s offices both in Indonesia and abroad.
To learn more about what InPOP achieved in 2015 and the goals for 2016 please contact us at info@InPOP.id