Jakarta - The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are one of UNDP's main missions. The Indonesian government has taken the initiative to implement the Sustainable Development Goals with the issuance of BAPPENAS Ministerial Regulation No. 7/2018 concerning Coordination, Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting on the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals. On this occasion, Dedi Junaedi, Director of Processing and Marketing of plantation products, Ministry of Agriculture said that this training was very good for aligning the programs in the RAN KSB with the Sustainable Development Goals. "The hardening of NAP-SPO activities is now 12 that comply within SDGs, and maybe if examined further, there are still many that are related to SDGs," said Dedi Junaedi, as Director of Director of Processing and Marketing of plantation products, Ministry of Agriculture.
Before the training began, FoKSBI and NAP-SPO was introduced by Aisyah Sileuw as the FoKSBI Facilitator. The aim is to provide an explanation of the background of FoKSBI was launched with all its dynamics, FoKSBI itself is a multi-stakeholder Forum driven by the Government, with the establishment of Working Groups, whose task is to: 1) Formulate the NAP-SPO, and 2) Monitor the NAP-SPO that implemented by related stakeholders. Aisyah Sileuw explained that the mutual understanding and perception was very important. "NAP-SPO is a product of FoKSBI, the first priority is the mutual understanding related to the development of Indonesian palm oil sustainability" said Aisyah Sileuw. FoKSBI has been running for 5 years starting from 2014 until 2019, various dynamics have been passed, and in 2019, FoKSBI products, namely NAP-SPO at the level of legalization which have received initials from relevant Ministers which will be forwarded directly to the President to be legalized to become the President Presidential Instruction (Presidential Instruction). The NAP SPO targets are in 26 provinces, in line within the palm oil road map launched by the Ministry of Agriculture, starting from Aceh to West Papua. The NAP-SPO component consists of 5, they are: a) Data Strengthening, Strengthening the Coordination and Infrastructure, b) Smallholders Capacity and Capability Building, c) Environmental Management and Monitoring, d) Governance and Conflict Management, and e) Accelerating ISPO and Market Access. The NAP-SPO has been analysed related to harmonization with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) but is limited to a corporate base and has not been linked to indicators, and there is no coordination with the Indonesian SDGs Secretariat.
As a frame of reference, Dr. Rachman Kurniawan, Manager of the Pillars of Environmental Development, from Secretariat of SDGs, BAPPENAS, gave an in-depth explanation of the Sustainable Development Goals, starting from the substance, technical, and methodology in connecting the targets and indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals within the NAP-SPO. "The more appropriate word is alignment, not compliance, because disputes will occur if they are not appropriate and each sector has unique characteristics and the impression is not forced" Dr. Rachman Kurniawan said. In the context of Indonesia, SDGs are strengthened by regulation and this is a very important matter because it has a strong legal umbrella. Presidential Regulation No. 59/2017 concerning the implementation of achieving sustainable development goals. There are 2 main actors in the Sustainable Development Goals, in the termination of State (Government) and Non-State Actors. Some of non-state actors are consisting of Community Organizations (both locally and nationally), Media, Academics, Philosophers, Private Sector. In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the role of Academics is very important. The Sustainable Development Goals consist of 17 goals, 169 Targets, and 244 Indicators. In Indonesia there are 4 pillars in the Sustainable Development Goals, namely the Economic, Environmental, Social, and Law Pillars and governance, different from global where there are only 3 pillars namely, Economy, Environment and Social. This initiative was taken so that SDGs in Indonesia can be integrated with government programs and are universal.
After the SDGs training, it was followed by thematic Workshop, integration of NAP-SPO into the Sustainable Development Goals guided by Sri Aryani, involving all stakeholders, both from the Government, NGOs, and CSOs. This integration is comprehensive, so further workshops are needed with all stakeholders and also so that the Sustainable Development Goals are harmonious with the NAP-SPO.