The role of NGOs and CSOs in the implementation of the National Action Plan for Sustainable Palm Oil (NAP-SPO)

AUGUST 28,2019

Jakarta - The role of NGOs and CSOs cannot be separated in the Palm Oil sector because of their vital role and can be part of Independent Monitoring and Evaluation. Dr. Ir. Wilistra Danny, M. For., As the Assistant Deputy for Plantations and Horticulture, Ministry of Economic Affairs, explained the RAN KSB Program with an emphasis on 5 main components, namely Data Strengthening, Capacity Building and Capability of Smallholders, Environmental Management and Monitoring, Conflict Resolution and Management, and ISPO Certification Acceleration and Market Access. The FoKSBI platform needs joint support with harmonizing the roles and contributions of NGOs and CSOs to government programs for achieving sustainable palm oil development, and encouraging collaborative programs between the Government, NGOs and CSOs and other stakeholders related to sustainable palm oil.

M. Windrawan Inantha, from The Natural Conservancy (TNC), explained about the TNC Program, which has been implemented in the District of Berau, East Kalimantan, this project was funded by the Germany Ministry of Forestry, which supports the NAP-SPO component, on Data Strengthening and also Environmental Monitoring and Management, with focusing on HCV (High Conservation Value). TNC Supported in the Data Strengthening component, TNC facilitated the East Kalimantan Provincial Government and Berau District in terms of information system services, the formation of forums, incentive initiatives for private sector, and jurisdictional approaches. So that Plantation Management, especially Palm Oil can run effectively, efficiently and sustainably in line with the issuance of the East Kalimantan Regional Regulation, East Kalimantan Governor Regulation, Berau Regent Regulation, in relation to sustainable plantation development, focus on the Sustainable Plantation Communication Forum. And for the support of Environmental Management and monitoring, TNC collaborates with the GCF (Good Consumer Forum), which has committed to the conservation of forest areas, by mapping forest areas in areas that are allocated for legally-established plantations, involving cross-sectoral governments from 7 districts .

The other roles of NGOs and CSOs came from the Setara Jambi Foundation, which is a local NGO that has a national vision, and strongly supports government programs. The Main Principle of Setara Jambi is collaboration with the government as the main driver of the local community. The Setara Jambi Foundation works in 3 provinces, in this term are Jambi, Riau and South Sumatra with mainly focusing on Component A, that is data collection, mapping and supply chain alignment. The Setara Jambi Foundation has also utilized technology by conducting online data collection, and landscape based activity by mapping (location, land, oil palm plantations, other activities), as well as local product development, and capacity building by forming village schools with the main theme of empowerment women. Setara also received support from IDH as the main funder, and also worked with a local palm oil company to assist the Palm Oil Smallholders Group, primarily to facilitate the RSPO Certification. Setara also endeavored that this certification process would be collaborative in that it carried out efforts to optimize not only the RSPO Certification but also the ISPO, hoping that it would get 2 certificates simultaneously.

Another NGO that is contributing to the NAP KSB is IDH (Inisiatif Dagang Hijau-Green Trade Initiative). IDH encourages sustainable supply chains by collaborating with various parties such as Daemeter, Earthworm, Winrock, CI, and others. The role of the Aggregator in the IDH mission is very important, with a 30% proportion of funding coming from IDH and 70% from the private sector, which is usually taken over by off-takers (GAR, Musim Mas). IDH strives to promote incentives from each of the existing policies, to accelerate the implementation of the sustainable oil palm program. And IDH is committed to preparing independent smallholders to be well-prepared to welcome the green investments that have become the IDH tagline so far.

Green Investment introduced by IDH is with the involvement of financial institutions in this case BPDP KS, related Banks that have loan portfolios for the Palm Oil Scheme with 4 investing arm methodologies, namely the Adgreen Fund, Farmfit Fund, LDN Fund, and Agri3 Fund.

The Conflict Resolution Unit also contributes to mediating conflicts that occur in the palm oil sector where, the mission of the CRU is to promote mediation as an effective approach, be a source of neutral and reliable information, and provide support for mediating the implementation of public policies with a programmatic approach and collaboration between NGOs to conduct mapping key public figures so that partnership inequality and partnership disputes can be reduced by adopting a multi-stakeholder participation-based approach to reduce the burden of continuing conflict (delayed cost).

Other NGOs that have also contributed to the implementation of the NAP-SPO are Winrock International, where Winrock is correlating with the Directorate General of Regional Development of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Siak District Government in terms of developing environmentally based landscapes, where Winrock is focusing on deforestation and peatlands, by making efforts to improve and conserve peatland through an jurisdictional approach, in this case throughout Head of District’s Decree, Green Siak Policy, and ISPO-RSPO joint certification scheme. Winrock also developed a real time hydrology monitoring system for oil palm, non-oil palm, abandoned land, etc.