On 14 July 2021, Sintang District, West Kalimantan Province began the process of formulating its Sustainable Plantation Plan (Rencana Perkebunan Berkelanjutan/RPB). This activity was facilitated by Center for the Study of Regional Planning and Development (Pusat Pengkajian Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Wilayah/P4W), IPB University. The RPB formulation is also a form of partnership between UNDP SPOI and the Agriculture and Plantation Service of Sintang District.
As a background context, the urgency of sustainable plantation management has derived from the needs to develop sustainable economy. This is done by developing leading sectors in line with the potential of the region to improve the community welfare.
In Sintang, palm oil plantation areas reach around 174 thousand hectares. However, the district government has planned to issue a regulation to limit the expansion only up to 200 thousand hectares. The plantation sector in Sintang contributed to 22% of the district's regional domestic product. This is significant for Sintang economy so that its development requires a sustainable strategy.
Furthermore, this effort is in line with Law no. 22 about Sustainable Agricultural Cultivation Systems. This law mandates the diversification of agricultural products to meet demands on food, clothing, housing, health, domestic industry, and increase exports.
additionally, the formulation of the plan also supports the implementation of Presidential Instruction 6/2019 about the National Action Plan for Sustainable Palm Oil which can contribute to several components of the Instruction such as improved plantation governance and strengthening data, coordination, and infrastructure.
The formulation process will at least include two focused discussion processes to identify and verify challenges and recommendations on sustainable plantation issues by involving government offices, business actors and CSOs.
In the approach, there are several aspects that will be considered. One of them is stated in the Minister of Agriculture Regulation No. 8/2016, namely identification, inventory, and analysis of environmental, physical, social, and economic data; as well as institutional policies. In addition, there are also MoA Regulation No. 56/2016 and MoEF Regulation No. 69/2017 to complement strategic studies on environmental and social.
The complexity of formulation process can be seen from the identification and integration of spatial and non-spatial data. For example, physical and environmental data that analyses the land use and cover, deforestation risk, environmental carrying capacity, high conservation value areas, disaster data, productivity and profitability, and waste and by-product management.
With those complexities, one of the biggest challenges is to collect the data from various institutions, both from the government, farmer communities, NGOs and any sources that can be accessed online. Social restriction during the Covid-19 pandemic has also caused the IPB P4W team to use online technology to solicit stakeholder opinions.
The head of the IPB P4W team, Dr Omo Rusdiana stated that the final legal product of this plantation plan could be in form of a Regional Regulation or a Regent's Regulation, but the challenge is the realization of regulations that may not be implemented this year.
"In the future, funding from the implementation of this master plan is expected to be sourced not only from the APBN/APBD but also from mutual cooperation from multi-stakeholders according to applicable regulations," he added.
The formulation process will be carried out from July to November 2021, so it is expected that by the end of this year there will be a draft to be used as a consideration by Sintang District Government regarding sustainable plantations.
Information and the entire process of Sintang District Sustainable Plantation Plan can be viewed on https://ripbunsintang.p4w-ipb.id/ .