FoKSBI and HCV/HCS Assessment
A big part of South Tapanuli District area possesses high conservation values that must be preserved.
This was revealed in High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) study conducted by Indonesian Forum for Sustainable Palm Oil (FoKSBI) of South Tapanuli District in 2019 to achieve sustainable landscape management.
FoKSBI is a multi-stakeholder forum to support sustainable palm oil, an initiative to balance palm oil production practices with conservation by taking sustainable principles into account.
The study was supported by Good Growth Partnership (GGP) in collaboration between Conservation International Indonesia (CI) and the United Nations for Development Program (UNDP) Indonesia.
The results of this study served as key guidelines to determine HCV/HCS areas and recommended its management through the Special Cultivation Area (Kawasan Budidaya Khusus/KBK) policy regulated by South Tapanuli District Government.
The HCV and HCS study in South Tapanuli began in 2018 and aimed to identify areas that need to be protected and managed carefully. The study had been carried out in a participatory manner for more than a year, involving many stakeholders from secondary data analysis, field surveys, thematic discussion series, to public consultations.
The results showed that 82% of South Tapanuli geographic area was defined as HCV and HCS areas. The HCV area, comprises of 358,811 hectares, is an area that provides ecological, social, and cultural benefits to the community. Meanwhile, the HCS area comprises of 172,956 hectares, is an area that can store large amounts of carbon reserves.
The HCV and HCS areas in South Tapanuli which dominate its geographical area indicate that its landscape is very rich and diverse with 31 species of mammals, 37 species of amphibians and reptiles, 74 species of birds, and 117 species of plants.
Special Cultivation Area Policy (KBK)
The district government followed up the HCV/HCS results and recommended the management of these areas by establishing Regent Regulation No 63/2020 about the Special Cultivation Area policy.
On 26 March 2021, FoKSBI facilitated the public dissemination and socialization using online and offline platform. 67 people (41 offline participants and 26 online) had participated in the event representing relevant district agencies, business actors, associations, academics, traditional and religious leaders, community, and other development partners.
Chairul Rizal Lubis, Head of the Public Works and Spatial Planning Office of South Tapanuli District said, "the Special Cultivation Area is productive land regulated in the District Spatial Plan shall be utilized by taking sustainable practices into account so that it can generate economic value for the community sustainably."
According to Chairul, the recommendations in the technical document are references for farmers to ensure the protection of HCV / HCS areas while maintaining sustainable agricultural practices for South Tapanuli’s main commodities such as palm oil, coffee, and cocoa.
"The KBK area is articulated in district spatial planning as an area with important role in maintaining the ecosystem, community socio-cultural values, and crucial for climate change mitigation. The KBK area in South Tapanuli District reaches 176,502 hectares or around 41% of its total geographical area", Chairul added.
This policy is the first in Indonesia that adopts the HCV and HCS assessment result as guideline for spatial management policies. It is expected to inspire other regions in Indonesia to achieve sustainable development through sustainable production practices and natural resource protection.
Written by: FoKSBI Tapanuli Selatan